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Composting: A Guide to DIY Eco-Nutrients

Composting is a fantastic DIY method that transforms food and yard waste into eco-friendly nutrients, ensuring they don't end up in landfills. And when combined with organic fertilizers the results are truly remarkable! While many gardeners are aware of the benefits of composting, setting up your own compost system can seem daunting. But fear not, it's actually quite simple.

Let's delve into the world of composting and discover how you can easily set it up at home! First things first, what exactly is composting? It's a wonderful process that utilizes kitchen and yard waste to provide your plants with a nourishing blend of nutrients. Essentially, gardeners collect kitchen scraps and yard clippings, pile them up, and allow them to decompose into nutrient-rich goodness! This compost is excellent for enriching gardens and houseplants, ensuring they thrive and stay happy.

Composting relies on a mixture of high-nitrogen "greens," carbon-rich "browns," oxygen, moisture, and time to transform waste and scraps into valuable, nutrient-rich additions for your plants. Achieving the right mix of ingredients is crucial for successful composting. And if you want to establish a healthy colony of beneficial bacteria for your plants, don't forget to add a touch of nutrients!


The nitrogen component of composting comes from what gardeners refer to as "greens." This includes green grass clippings, fresh-cut leaves, coffee grounds, food scraps, and kitchen waste. Greens are vital for enzyme production and support the growth and reproduction of composting microbes.


Compost bins also require carbon-rich materials known as "browns." These can be dry branches, fallen leaves, wood chips, straw, newspaper, or sawdust. Brown compost components provide carbohydrates and energy for the microbes to feed on. As a general rule, for every part of green materials, your compost bin should have at least two parts of brown.


Microbes need sufficient oxygen to decompose organic matter into usable compost. One of the best ways to ensure your pile or bin receives enough oxygen is by turning it frequently, allowing the components to mix and access air.


Composting requires the right amount of water to keep the microbes happy and healthy. If your pile is uncovered, natural rainfall and dew may provide sufficient moisture. However, during dry months or if you have a covered bin, it's a good idea to lightly water your compost.


The final ingredient your compost pile needs to yield excellent nutrients is time. Cold composting can take a year or longer, while hot composting can be completed in a few months. Regularly monitor your piles to ensure ideal conditions are met, and give your compost the time it needs to turn out perfectly.

Step By Step

Save Scraps: Choose a container that fits your kitchen, blocks odors, and keeps pests away to store food waste before adding it to the pile. Remember to keep these accessible components for adding to your compost pile!

Contain Your Pile: The composting method you choose will influence the type of bin or pile style you opt for. Consider the amount of compost you want to produce and how you plan to process it. Setting up two piles or bins allows you to continue adding materials to one while the other nears completion.

Storage Station: It's convenient to have storage for your tools and extra brown matter within close range of your bin.

Pile it Up: Layer browns and greens in a ratio of at least 2:1 to ensure proper compost development.

Mix It: Ensure optimal decomposition by turning or mixing your compost pile once a week, granting every part access to air and moisture.

Just Add Water: Maintain the perfect moisture level by adding water as needed. Use the hand squeeze test: your compost should feel like a wrung-out sponge—damp but not dripping.

Let it Sit: Take a garden sabbatical while those tiny microbes perform their magic. Sit back, relax, and watch nature transform waste into nutrient-rich compost.

Amend It: Enhance your soil's vitality by blending your nutrient-rich compost with store bought nutrients. Set up your plants for thriving growth with the nourishment they need.

What Comes Out

When your compost turns dark, crumbly, and emanates an earthy aroma, it's ready for action. Ensure there are no food scraps or raw materials remaining in the pile.

Simple Test for Quality Ziplock Bag Check: Seal a handful of compost in a bag without air. After a few days, open it and inhale. If you detect an ammonia scent, give it more time to mature.

Composting offers recycling solutions, enriches your garden with vital nutrients, and reduces your carbon footprint. Embrace patience, as this gratifying hobby will be appreciated by your flourishing plants.

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